PART OF ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE
Band : The stainless ring that fits around a Tooth-used specially at the back.
Bracket : Attachment bonded to the tooth or welded to the band which receives the arch wire.
Arch wire : Large removable wire that fits around the arch into the slots of brackets - applies force to move the teeth.
Ligature : Fine steel wire or plastic tie that holds the arch wire into the bracket.
Elastics : Rubber bands of different sizes hooked between different points on the appliance to provide pressure to move the teeth.
Tubes : Attachments on the back teeth to receive the archwire or Headgear.
Metal : All metal appliances - made of fine stainless steel which is conventionally used for children.
Ceramic : Esthetic appliances made of porcelin to resemble tooth structure. Generally used in adults.
Self- ligating: They doesn’t need ligature, they lock the arch wire themselves, which have several advantages.
Clear-aligners: These appliances doesn’t have any band , brackets, arch wire, ligature etc. there are several clear removable plates which you have to change on regular basis to complete the treatment. These again have several advantages.